- Election and Democracy Essay
- Is Our Election Process Fair Essay
- Minimizing Complexity: Keep It Simple, Stupid (If You Can)
- 500 Words Essay on Election and Democracy
- Electoral system - Wikipedia
EC has been working hard ever since its inception and has brought about many changes in the electoral system of India to improve the election process. It is thus said to be the backbone of Indian democracy. Many countries around the world have democratic form of government. Just like India, the citizens of these countries have the right to vote and elect government. While these are all democratic nations, they do not follow the same set of rules when it comes to conducting elections and setting public policies.
Democracy has been categorised into various forms including direct democracy, representative democracy, Islamic democracy, social democracy, parliamentary democracy, presidential democracy, participatory democracy and authoritarian democracy.
Election and Democracy Essay
Different democratic countries practice different forms of democracy. Elections are an inseparable part of a democratic government. The citizens of a democratic country elect the government by voting for the candidate they deem suitable to run the government. The government bears the interest of the common man in mind while making or amending any law or policy.
In a democratic country, people have the right to question the government for its decisions. They have the power to overthrow the current government and bring another political party into power in the next elections.
Is Our Election Process Fair Essay
This drives the ruling government to work with dedication and take fair decisions considering public interest. Democracy is a set up in which the citizens of a country exercise their right to vote in order to elect the government of their choice. This type of government works for the benefit of the citizens and ensures a fair play. The citizens of a democratic nation have the right to question the decisions of their government and express their views on the same.
Several political parties contest elections in a democratic nation and the one that majority of people deem suitable comes into power. People cast their votes through secret ballot. Democracy is divided into various forms. Different forms of democratic governments work differently. They have their own unique style of working and handling matters. The rights given to the citizens may also vary based on the type of democracy. Here is a look at the different forms of democracy:. The citizens of a nation with direct democracy have the right to vote directly for the making of various policies and for taking important decisions.
They vote each time there is a need to take an important decision. They do not vote for representatives who take decisions on their behalf. So, every decision in a direct democracy is taken collectively by the citizens. This type of democracy works well for nations with less population. Switzerland is an example of successful direct democracy. In representative democracy people elect representatives by using their right to vote.
These representatives come into power and take all the decisions. People vote for the candidates they feel are responsible and can be trusted.
Citizens can voice their grievances and seek action on them. This is the most common type of democracy followed in countries like India and USA. In this type of democracy the legislature has greater power over the president. The president is merely an official head or a weak monarch in the parliamentary democracy.
Minimizing Complexity: Keep It Simple, Stupid (If You Can)
The head of state in such a set up is different from the head of government and both of them have their own set of responsibilities. In this type of democracy, the president of the country has considerable power over the government. Elected either directly or indirectly by the citizens, the president in such a set up is not liable to the legislature or does he has the power to remove the legislature.
The election process in India starts with the declaration of the election dates followed by filing of nomination by the candidates which is scrutinized and accepted by the election commission. Any Indian citizen who has attained the age of 18 years having a valid proof of identity can cast his vote in the election. The votes are counted on the result declaration day and the candidates with higher number of votes are declared winner.
Election in India is considered as the festival of democracy because this is the day which gives immense power to the public to exercise their voting right which could change the destiny of a nation. Elections are also a platform on which a voter sees a new light of hope to strengthen the country and a ray of nation building.
- Long and Short Essay on Election and Democracy in English.
- conclusion part of a thesis.
- Essay on Election.
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Election Campaign or Political Campaign is a set of activities and efforts conducted towards the public or a particular group to influence their thoughts and convince them to gain their support in the election. It also helps to shape the public opinion in the favour of a particular political party or candidate. The campaigns are also used to highlight the achievements of a political party through print and electronic media. The significance of Election Campaign during election could be understood from the fact that a huge amount of expenditure is incurred by the political parties on these campaigns.
It plays an important role in the following ways:. Election Campaigns are a way by which political parties try to structure the opinion of the public through public meetings, rallies, road shows and interviews etc. It gives them a platform through which they convey their messages to the citizens so that they support them in the elections. Political Campaigns also provide a platform for healthy debate between political rivals. It gives them an equal chance to showcase their achievements and highlight the weaknesses of their rivals which helps the public to frame their opinion for the election.
Reaching out to public is also an important step to understand the ground reality of a region and Election Campaign makes it possible through local public meetings, open talks, personal communication, direct public interactions etc. Political parties in India gear up for the election campaign just before the start of the election. The campaign starts by organising mammoth rallies, large public meetings, door to door canvassing, extravagant road shows etc. Campaigning is also done through mass advertising via print and electronic media.
Newspapers, radios, televisions etc are highly used for the election campaign highlighting the achievements, policies and promises of the political parties. With the availability of most affordable internet services, election campaigns have gone digital and made their way to social media platforms also.
From the perspective of the political parties, Election Campaigns plays a significant role in persuading the voters in the election process. It helps them to reach out to the public for direct interaction and share their policies and promises.
From the perspective of public, election campaigns help to know the candidates, their policies and frame an opinion towards them. It also gives a platform where they can highlight their issues and have direct talks with the candidates. Elections and Election Campaigns signify the presence of a healthy democracy in a country.
It gives a fair option to the public to vote for a right candidate and a stable government. Election Campaigns may sometimes be luring, deceptive and misleading too hence an individual should always rely on his instinct and intelligence before arriving at any decision and use his voting right sensibly. Hence it is important that the citizen of a country understand the importance of election and know how their single vote can shape the destiny of their nation.
In order to make public take informed decision, awareness about election is the foremost step in an electoral process.
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During an election, each and every vote has a high significance hence it is important that it is casted sensibly to the right candidate. The president, vice-president and senators of the Philippines are elected for a six-year term by their people. Voting turn outs in the Philippines have been high over the past elections with around 80 to 85 percent registered voters participating in national elections.
This percentage is generally above average considering the problems evident during election period such as problematic transportation and violence. All of these debauched acts of cheating for the electoral spot defeats the sense of democracy. Marcos, knowing his chances was slim, created innovations such as a show of hands to display support in his dwelling in the office.
Many Filipinos were inspired of the heroism democratic forces exhibited. The electoral system of the past was banished for a new constitution. The president then served an extended period from four years to six which was similar to the senators. More importantly, the constitution established a Commission on Election that is authorized to oversee every facet of the campaigns and elections.
The commission is composed of a chairperson and six commissioners, who cannot be a part of the immediate elections. Qualifications for the committee include majority must be lawyers and all must be college graduate. Against the influence exercised by the soldiers and other armed groups, the commission may delegate law enforcement agencies such as the Armed Forces of the Philippines. Citizens of legal age on the Election Day in the country which is 18 may vote.
500 Words Essay on Election and Democracy
Citizens however need to register prior to the Election Day in order to actually vote and be counted. Moreover, the IFES urges the civil society in creating efficient promotions and advocacies for electoral reforms. Basic requirements for candidacy include nationality, voter registration, basic literacy and particular age and years of residency conditions depending on the position.
Grounds for disqualification of candidates comprises of but not limited to: acceptance of illegal funds and contributions for campaign, excessive spending during a campaign, bribery of any public electoral officials as well as voters and involvement acts of terrorism.
Electoral system - Wikipedia
However, even with these prohibitions it still proves inadequate due to the subjective kind of registration processes. Furthermore, the Commission also has a problem with the trust rating of the public as they are seen to be incompetent and biased with regards to ensuring proper electoral proceedings from voter registration to the actual tallying of the ballots. Any candidate knows the importance of media in ensuring they and their platforms are known by the public.
Electronic media provides a big fraction of the means the population know candidates. Almost 73 percent of the population depends on these media to distinguish, recognize and identify especially national candidates as the archipelago proves to be difficult to explore. Although mass media in the Philippines is free from explicit government regulations, they are still arbitrated to some extent by their ratings and profit considerations.